Friday, March 14, 2014

Vineland Historical Marker

Vineland, MN
US Highway 169

The Vineland Historical Marker is located on the east side of Highway 169 along Mille Lacs Lake. The site consists of a parking area and a stone monument with a metal plaque with text addressing the battle between the Chippewa and Sioux which drove the Sioux to southern Minnesota. 

The marker was built in 1952 by the Minnesota Highway Department. The site also had two stone and concrete benches which are missing or removed, drinking water, two tables and two fireplaces, all no longer extant. The Vineland Marker is eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.

The marker was preceded by a 3' x 5' steel sign as part of the trunk highway marking program¹ of the 1930s. The sign had the same text as noted below.


"In this vicinity stood the great Sioux village of 'Izatys' where Duluth planted the French arms on July 2, 1679. The settlement was visited by Father Hennepin in 1680. About 1750 the Chippewa, moving westward from Lake Superior, captured the village, and by this decisive battle drove the Sioux permanently into southern Minnesota." [Seals of the Minnesota Historical Society and the Minnesota Department of Highways]

Vineland Historical Marker, Oct 2013
Hwy 169 in background

Vineland Historical Marker, Aug. 1997
Minnesota Dept. of Transportation Historic Roadside Development Structures Inventory

Vineland is a major community of the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa. From the state data sheet: The site is located within Kathio Historic District, an archaeological district that is a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register. The wayside rest is also located on the Mille Lacs Reservation and within Mille Lacs Kathio State Park.The historical marker was designed by A. R. Nichols and built by the Minnesota Highway Department in 1952. The site is classified as a roadside parking area. (Susan Granger, Scott Kelly, and Kay Grossman. (1998, December). Historic Roadside Development Structures on Minnesota Trunk Highways. Minnesota Department of Transportation.)

VINELAND, a village and port of Mille Lacs near its outlet, in Kathio, was named for the early Norse settlement on the northeast coast of North America in the year 1000, visited by numerous later voyages, which was called in the Icelandic language Vinland, meaning Wineland, from grapes found there. Its post office was called Vineland from 1891 to 1921 and Wigwam Bay from 1921 to 1929, at which time it was discontinued. Minnesota Place Names, A Geographical Encyclopedia,

¹ An effort of the Minnesota Historical Society and Minnesota Highway Department dating to 1929.